In the tomb of Ferdowsi, The tomb of the famous Iranian epic poet, author of the Shahnameh is located which experts in Persian poetry and literature consider him the greatest Persian poet. The legacy of Ferdowsi's Shahnameh, both in terms of ancient national traditions and in terms of preserving the Dari Persian language, is The most remarkable and most precious text in the history of the Persian language and the elders have called the Shahnameh the Iranian Quran. The tomb of this great poet of the land of Iran is located in Tus city of Khorasan Razavi province. The tomb of Hakim Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi is located in the midst of a garden about 20 kilometers north of Mashhad. Ferdowsi's tomb has been rebuilt and destroyed many times. Many people wanted to destroy it and many people wanted to build it. Perhaps, like the Shahnameh, this building had many stories to tell if it spoke. The current building of the Ferdowsi tomb and the Tus Museum, inspired by the Achaemenid architectural style, especially the tomb of Cyrus. Its construction began on the orders of the National Association of Artists in year 1343 AH and was supervised by Engineer Houshang Seyhoun in year 1347 AH.
Tomb of Ferdowsi
Hakim Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi (born 319 AH) is a renowned Iranian lecturer and the author of the Shahnameh of the Iranian National Epic. Shahnameh is the most famous of Ferdowsi's poems and one of the greatest writings of ancient Persian literature. Ferdowsi worked for nearly 15 years to complete it, and finished it in 372 AH.
The Shahnameh is an articulate poem composed of about 7,000 Verse(poetry) and has three historical, mythical, clerical periods.
He is considered the greatest Persian songwriter. Ferdowsi's name and reputation have been recognized and praised throughout the world. Ferdowsi's Shahnameh has been translated into many alive languages around the world.
In Iran, May 9th is called Ferdowsi's Day of Remembrance.
Ferdowsi was a patriotic lecturer. His enduring belief in the Shahnameh and especially in Ferdowsi's passion for praising Iran and the Iranian race is well-known.
He was aware of the history of his ancestors and the stories and legends of kings and Iranian history and was keen to know about it and his family upbringing also inspired him to do this great work and did not look to the court of kings and their prizes until he suffered poverty and misery, that is to say, He had no regard for the court of kings and their prizes.
Ferdowsi's tomb has been rebuilt and destroyed many times. Reports made by Iranian and foreign researchers in the last two centuries have highlighted The monument was covered with wheat, and at the beginning of the fourteenth AH century, and with the modern Iranian nationalism, efforts to build a decent Ferdowsi tomb were resumed.
The current area of the tomb complex is about six acres and includes a tomb garden, a pool and a statue of Ferdowsi by Abolhassan Sediqi in front of it, memorials, office buildings, libraries, museums and the tomb of Mehdi Akhavan Sales. The interior architecture of the building also includes tiles, prominent stone motifs from Shahnameh stories and there are stone inscriptions by Ferdowsi and others.
The shape of the tomb is influenced by the motifs of Persepolis and the tomb of Cyrus and the main tomb is made of marble.
The structure of the tomb is rectangular and has an area of 1000 square meters. The tomb consists of three main parts: the tomb, the hall and the staircase.
The tomb is of marble and stands on a marble platform. It is written on the tombstone: In the Name of God, Life and Wisdom. This magnificent place is the tomb of the master of Persian-speaking speakers and national storyteller of Iran, Hakim Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi, whose remarks make the country alive and his grave in the hearts of the people of this land is eternal. Date of Birth and Death(c. 940–1020).
Over time, various sections have formed around this beautiful historical complex. Including the Ferdowsi Museum, which used to be a traditional tea house.
The Ferdowsi Tomb Gardens Cultural Complex is located 25 kilometers northwest of Mashhad, between two villages of Tus Soflio Islamiyah, on a branch off the Mashhad-Quchan highway, close to the historical city of Tabran and the historical monument of Harooniyeh.