Khayyam Neyshaburi was a famous mathematician and philosopher of the fifth century, who became a poet after his death. One of his most prominent works is arranging and supervising the Iranian solar calendar. Khayyam's calculations in this regard are still valid and far more accurate than the AD calendar. Khayyam's role in solving third-order equations and his studies of Euclid's Fifth Principle have made him a prominent mathematician in the history of science. Although Khayyam's scientific base is superior to his literary status, But his reputation is more motivated by his world-famous quatrains.
Nader Shah Tomb is a building in the Naderi Garden Museum complex in Mashhad designed and built in memory of Nader Shah Afshar in 6 years by Houshang Seyhoun. The Tomb is located in the central part of the Nader Shah Complex, with the statue of Nader Shah on horseback along with a number of its soldiers mounted on a high volume of stone. Moreover, this complex contains two museums, One of them is the Arms Museum of different periods of Iranian history and another is the Museum of Weapons and Works of Nader Shah.
In the tomb of Ferdowsi, The tomb of the famous Iranian epic poet, author of the Shahnameh is located which experts in Persian poetry and literature consider him the greatest Persian poet. The legacy of Ferdowsi's Shahnameh, both in terms of ancient national traditions and in terms of preserving the Dari Persian language, is The most remarkable and most precious text in the history of the Persian language and the elders have called the Shahnameh the Iranian Quran. The tomb of this great poet of the land of Iran is located in Tus city of Khorasan Razavi province. The tomb of Hakim Abu l-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi is located in the midst of a garden about 20 kilometers north of Mashhad.
This cultural and historical complex is one of the most important religious buildings of the Muslims after the Sacred Mosque and Al-Nabi Mosque. In the minds of a large part of the pilgrims, the word of the Hram(holy shrine) evokes the sacred place but actually Haram is the square space in which the mosque is located, including the dome, the tombstone, and the holy sanctuary. The Harams are connected through the porches to and from it. The Razavi Shrine is also led by the gilded doors to the quadrangle (south and east), and from the other side (north and west) through the two large porches, it is linked to the other quadrangles.
Iran is a land that has raised artists, scholars and kings who have been proud of their high reputation throughout the globe. Today, the great men of history have been calm down somewhere in the country, but their name is still famous. The familiarity of their lives and their work is interesting and useful to any tourist that want to know more about the culture and history of Iran.
The beliefs and values of every tribe and religion can easily be seen in the cemetery and the burial place of the dead. In every culture and religion, humans use the best and most valuable symbols to celebrate and honor. For this reason, in order to prevent forgetfulness, always in various historical periods, for elders and loved ones, symbols and tombstones were made. It is easy to see what was considered to be worth in any historical period and in any ethnic group. The world of the dead has always been the most mysterious world for humans.
Poetry and Literature among us Iranians have a special place and poets of Iran are very popular in the society which have always been at the attention of the people. From ancient times to contemporary, Iran has been the center of prominent poets whose names have always been brought to the good and the highest in the world.
Historical tombs of Iran have unique architectures and are very beautiful. The monuments and religious shrines in various Islamic periods have always been a suitable place for the emergence of talent and creativity of Muslim artists. In this regard, its architecture and decorations have become one of the most important manifestations of Islamic art and became decorative motifs in the hands of Islamic artists.
In general, tombs and shrines in Iran are divided into the following:
Shrines and mosques attributed to the sons and relatives of the Imams are innocent.
The tomb and shrine of literary scholars and mystics and poets.
Shrines for kings and rulers of Iran.